What is My Herrington. Org? This site will be a collection of positive ideas, resources and practical suggestions for those who want to make their voice heard in ongoing discussions about the future of our heritage assets and built environment. We start from our shared lives and connections to this settlement : Herrington.
I live or work in Herrington - what can I do? Each section of this site will set out initial thoughts about the issues raised by the consultation on Monday 6th August 2017. The hope that the ideas and resources shared here will lead you on to yet further discoveries and to raise your own concerns in writing with the relevant authorities.
What’s gone wrong? Our local authority has failed us over a number of years. We have one of the last authorities to have started the local plan process, and the council has patently failed to protect the Village Greens. In the 1960s the crossroads and Smithy at the centre of our village was demolished for a roundabout. Our Roman "boiling well" lies under a 275kv Pylon. The only recognisable heritage asset - and the centre of the settlement - is the ancient park. Most of the site has never had a geophysical survey or any professional archaeological survey. The only dig was in 1949 by Theobold Nicholson, a solicitor and amateur archaeologist.
The council’s approach is to mark it for development, with Planning in Principal (PIP) for high value asset stripping with absolutely no interest in the community, and a document with inbuilt assumptions about the need for more 'executive' housing in the area.
Our first objective is to save The Park. This is a green, enclosed and forming part of the later Middle Herrington Hall, which predates almost anything else at the heart of our settlement. Herrington was mentioned as long ago as the 12th century. The Bishop of Durham's Nephew (or even son) de Esh found Herrington such a pleasant place to live he took the name Herrington and his family stayed here for three generations.
Herrington is first mentioned as a distinct settlement in the Boldon Book, in the year 1183.
“The Two Parts of Herrington. The two parts of Herrington, which Hugh of Herinas holds, yield 20s for carnage, and two parts of 1 cow for metreeth, and two parts of 1 man for castle-guard ,and 8 scotch alders as much of malt as of flour and oats, and they prepare and harrow 4 acres at Newbottle and do work with 12 men in the autumn. The drench keeps a dog and horse, as much as belongs to two parts of dreng’s tenure, and he goes on the Great Chase with 2 parts of 2 greyhounds, and carts 2 parts of 1 cask of wine, does court-duty and goes on missions”
“In 1816 Sir Henry Ellis included a text of Boldon Book in his publication of the Doomsday Book. The intention was to fill the vacuum left in 1086 when the King’s Commissioners made no returns for North East England, north of the River Tees. Ellis selected the first comprehensive survey of the holdings of the See of St Cuthbert at Durham, undertaken by Bishop Hugh du Puiset or Pedsey. It was drawn up in 1183, nearly one hundred years later than the Domesday Book”
“The causes of the lack of Domesday Book in the North are uncertain and can only be the subject of speculation. The long series of attacks and disturbances to which Northumbria had been subjected since the Conquest, including the severe harrying during the winter of 1069/70, had left its toll on the region and even by 1086 the rural communities had not fully recovered. The Yorkshire Doomsday book shows this disruption, but it also demonstrates that the King’s Commissioners were instructed to assess the devastated as well as the functioning estates. Durham and Northumberland had been harried and attacked both by the Normans to the South and the Scots to the North, but were not assessed”
“The Structure of Boldon Book is an account, settlement by settlement, of tenant’s obligations both individual and collective” (Introduction to Phillimore edition, edited by John Morris, History From The Sources, volume 35)
The Starting point for planners choosing to determine sites in response to the Local Planning Regulations 2012, must be to understand and work from the historic settlements. The proposals to remove Greenbelt of historic significance in the centre of Middle Herrington as a settlement and allegedly mitigate this loss by use of scrub land between Ryhope and Oxford is as ignorant as it is cavalier.